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Boosting Workplace Wellness Programs With Financial Incentives
Alison Cuellar, PhD; Amelia M. Haviland, PhD; Seth Richards-Shubik, PhD; Anthony T. LoSasso, PhD; Alicia Atwood, MPH; Hilary Wolfendale, MA; Mona Shah, MS; and Kevin G. Volpp, MD, PhD
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Boosting Workplace Wellness Programs With Financial Incentives

Alison Cuellar, PhD; Amelia M. Haviland, PhD; Seth Richards-Shubik, PhD; Anthony T. LoSasso, PhD; Alicia Atwood, MPH; Hilary Wolfendale, MA; Mona Shah, MS; and Kevin G. Volpp, MD, PhD
Financial incentives created under the Affordable Care Act can help promote employer wellness programs and support preventive services utilization.
The authors thank Tanya Lewis-Walls for her descriptions of the UnitedHealthcare United Personal Rewards program. Preliminary results were presented at the 2014 American Society of Health Economists meeting in Los Angeles, CA, and at the 2015 National Institutes of Health, Economics of Prevention Workshop in Bethesda, MD. Dr Cuellar (principal investigator) had full access to all the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.

Author Affiliations: George Mason University (AC), Fairfax, VA; Carnegie Mellon University (AMH, HW), Pittsburgh, PA; Lehigh University (SR-S), Bethlehem, PA; University of Illinois at Chicago (ATL, AA); Independent consultant (MS), Chicago, IL; Perelman School of Medicine and the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania (KGV), Philadelphia, PA; Philadelphia VA Medical Center (KGV), Philadelphia, PA.

Source of Funding: Funding for the evaluation was provided by Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (5R01HD075118, Cuellar, PI). 

Author Disclosures: Ms Shah is a former employee of UnitedHealthcare and owns stock in UnitedHealth Group. Dr Volpp is a principal in VAL Health, a behavioral economics consulting firm, and has also served as a consultant for CVS Health. He has also received research funding from CVS, Humana, Hawaii Medical Services Association, and the Vitality Institute. The remaining authors report no relationship or financial interest with any entity that would pose a conflict of interest with the subject matter of this article.

Authorship Information: Concept and design (AC, AMH, SR-S, ATL, MS); acquisition of data (AC, MS); analysis and interpretation of data (AC, AMH, SR-S, HW, MS, KV); drafting of the manuscript (AC, ATL); critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content (AC, AMH, ATL, KV); statistical analysis (AMH, SR-S, AA, HW); obtaining funding (ATL); administrative, technical, or logistic support (AA, HW); and supervision (AC, ATL).

Address Correspondence to: Alison Cuellar, PhD, Department of Health Administration and Policy, George Mason University, 4400 University Dr, MS 1J3, Fairfax, VA 22030. E-mail: 

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