Currently Viewing:
European Society of Cardiology (ESC) 2017
Dr Christi Deaton on the Most Important Steps for Cardiovascular Prevention
November 12, 2017
Dr John Rumsfeld: We're Just at the Beginning of the Digital Health Transformation
November 09, 2017
Dr Jeanette Stingone on Environmental Factors That Impact Public Health
November 07, 2017
Christi Deaton: Challenges of Motivating Patients to Participate in CVD Prevention Strategies
November 04, 2017
Dr John Rumsfeld on the Digital Transformation of Cardiovascular Medicine
October 24, 2017
Dr Deepak Bhatt on the Impact of the COMPASS Trial on Standard of Care
October 19, 2017
Dr Jeanette Stingone: Air Pollution Is an Issue Everywhere in the US
October 12, 2017
Dr John Rumsfeld Outlines ACC's Main Goals for the Future of Cardiology
October 07, 2017
Dr Simon Gibbs Discusses the Future of Pulmonary Hypertension Treatments
October 03, 2017
Dr Steven Nissen Argues for Aggressively Lowering LDL Cholesterol
October 01, 2017
Dr John Eikelboom on the COMPASS Trial Findings
September 28, 2017
Dr John Eikelboom on the Surprising Results of the COMPASS Trial
September 15, 2017
Dr Simon Gibbs Outlines Monotherapy vs Combination Therapy in Pulmonary Hypertension
September 14, 2017
Dr Christi Deaton: Ask Cardiac Patients About Their Diet and Exercise
September 12, 2017
Dr Steven Nissen on Which Patients Should Be Treated With PCSK9 Inhibitors
September 11, 2017
Currently Reading
Dr Jeanette Stingone on Lasting Cardiovascular Effects of Prenatal Exposure to Air Pollution
September 07, 2017
Dr John Eikelboom: COMPASS' Rivaroxaban Plus Aspirin Will Become Standard for CAD, PAD
August 29, 2017
Comorbidities in Patients With Heart Failure: Treating the Whole Patient
August 29, 2017
Dr Simon Gibbs on Daily Management of Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension
August 28, 2017

Dr Jeanette Stingone on Lasting Cardiovascular Effects of Prenatal Exposure to Air Pollution

Researchers have known for years: what happens to mom in pregnancy affects the baby. That holds true with prenatal exposure to air pollution, which has lingering cardiovascular effects, such as birth defects and a higher risk of obesity, explained Jeanette Stingone, PhD, of Mount Sinai Health System.


Researchers have known for years: what happens to mom in pregnancy affects the baby. That holds true with prenatal exposure to air pollution, which has lingering cardiovascular effects, such as birth defects and a higher risk of obesity, explained Jeanette Stingone, PhD, of Mount Sinai Health System.

Transcript

What is the impact of prenatal exposure to air pollution and how do the effects linger into adulthood?

So this is a new area of research, and it's really interesting, the idea that we know that what happens to mom during pregnancy is important for the child. We know that from literature on smoking and nutrition, now we're seeing relationships between what mom is breathing during pregnancy and outcomes in the children at birth, later in childhood, and even into adulthood.

So there's a couple of different hypotheses, and a couple of different mechanisms. The first is that there have been studies to show that air pollution in utero is associated with actual birth defects—structural changes in the heart. We've gotten really good at surgically treating those birth defects, and now those children are growing up, and we're seeing that they're more vulnerable to health outcomes in adulthood. The second is that air pollution in utero has been associated with childhood obesity. So the idea that it's affecting how your metabolism works, and therefore, later on, we know that overweight children are more likely to be overweight adults, and so that attributes risk in terms of cardiovascular health.

And finally there is some animal literature, and early human studies, to look at prenatal and early life exposure and direct measures of cardiovascular function. Those are really early on, and a lot of it is animal research, but again it is suggests that what happens to mom during pregnancy is really important for health throughout the life course.

 
Copyright AJMC 2006-2017 Clinical Care Targeted Communications Group, LLC. All Rights Reserved.
x
Welcome the the new and improved AJMC.com, the premier managed market network. Tell us about yourself so that we can serve you better.
Sign Up
×

Sign In

Not a member? Sign up now!