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Multiple Chronic Conditions in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Prevalence and Consequences
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Multiple Chronic Conditions in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Prevalence and Consequences

Pei-Jung Lin, PhD; David M. Kent, MD, MSc; Aaron Winn, MPP; Joshua T. Cohen, PhD; and Peter J. Neumann, ScD
This study's findings showed that diabetes care remained suboptimal among many patients with multiple chronic conditions and that patient outcomes varied by multimorbidity profile.
The authors thank Joseph Smith, Michael O’Grady, Paul Bleicher, Allen Kamer, Diane Throop, and Angela Tucker for helpful comments on earlier drafts of this paper.

Author Affiliations: Center for the Evaluation of Value and Risk in Health (P-JL, ANW, JTC, PJN) and Predictive Analytics and Comparative Effectiveness Center (DMK), Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA; Department of Health Policy and Management, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (ANW), Chapel Hill, NC.

Source of Funding: Funding of this research was provided by the West Health Institute, La Jolla, CA.

Author Disclosures: Dr Neumann is a member of the board for Merck, Takeda, Genentech, Novartis, Bayer, Sanofi, and UCB; he is also a consultant for Boston Health Economics. Drs Lin, Kent, and Cohen, and Mr. Winn do not have any conflicts of interest to report.

Authorship Information: Concept and design (JTC, P-JL, DMK, ANW, PJN); acquisition of data (P-JL, PJN); analysis and interpretation of data (P-JL, DMK, ANW, JTC); drafting of the manuscript (P-JL, JTC, ANW, PJN); critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content (P-JL, DMK, ANW, JTC); statistical analysis (P-JL, DMK, ANW); administrative, technical, or logistic support (P-JL, JTC); and supervision (P-JL, JTC, DMK).

Address correspondence to: Pei-Jung Lin, PhD, Assistant Professor, Center for the Evaluation of Value and Risk in Health, Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies, Tufts Medical Center, 800 Washington St, Box 63, Boston, MA 02111. E-mail: plin@tuftsmedicalcenter.org.
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