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The American Journal of Managed Care March 2018
False-Positive Mammography and Its Association With Health Service Use
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Amir S. Steinberg, MD; Anish B. Parikh, MD; Sara Kim, PharmD; Damaris Peralta-Hernandez, RPh; Talaat Aggour, BPharm; and Luis Isola, MD
Overuse and Insurance Plan Type in a Privately Insured Population
Meredith B. Rosenthal, PhD; Carrie H. Colla, PhD; Nancy E. Morden, MD; Thomas D. Sequist, MD; Alexander J. Mainor, JD; Zhonghe Li, MS; and Kevin H. Nguyen, MS
Patients Discharged From the Emergency Department After Referral for Hospitalist Admission
Christopher A. Caulfield, MD; John Stephens, MD; Zarina Sharalaya, MD; Jeffrey P. Laux, PhD; Carlton Moore, MD, MS; Daniel E. Jonas, MD, MPH; and Edmund A. Liles Jr, MD
Trends in Opioid and Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Use and Adverse Events
Veronica Fassio, PharmD; Sherrie L. Aspinall, PharmD, MSc; Xinhua Zhao, PhD; Donald R. Miller, ScD; Jasvinder A. Singh, MD, MPH; Chester B. Good, MD, MPH; and Francesca E. Cunningham, PharmD
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Dina Hafez, MD; Laurence F. McMahon Jr, MD, MPH; Linda Balogh, MD; Floyd John Brinley III, MD; John Crump, MD; Mark Ealovega, MD; Audrey Fan, MD; Yeong Kwok, MD; Kristen Krieger, MD; Thomas O'Connor, MD; Elisa Ostafin, MD; Heidi Reichert, MA; and Jennifer Meddings, MD, MSc
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Patient-Reported Denials, Appeals, and Complaints: Associations With Overall Plan Ratings
Denise D. Quigley, PhD; Amelia M. Haviland, PhD; Jacob W. Dembosky, MPM; David J. Klein, MS; and Marc N. Elliott, PhD

Patient-Reported Denials, Appeals, and Complaints: Associations With Overall Plan Ratings

Denise D. Quigley, PhD; Amelia M. Haviland, PhD; Jacob W. Dembosky, MPM; David J. Klein, MS; and Marc N. Elliott, PhD
Patient ratings of plans and care were lower among beneficiaries filing complaints or reporting denied care. Appeals did not further predict ratings, but successful complaint resolution did.
ABSTRACT

Objectives: To assess whether Medicare patients’ reports of denied care, appeals/complaints, and satisfactory resolution were associated with ratings of their health plan or care.

Study Design: Retrospective analysis of 2010 Medicare Advantage Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS) survey data.

Methods: Multivariate linear regression of data from 154,766 respondents (61.1% response rate) tested the association of beneficiary ratings of plan and care with beneficiary reports of denied care, appeals, complaints, and complaint resolution, adjusting for beneficiary demographics.

Results: Beneficiaries who reported being denied needed care rated their plans and care significantly less positively, by 17.2 points (on a 100-point scale) and 9.1 points, respectively. Filing an appeal was not statistically significantly associated with further lower ratings. Beneficiaries who filed a complaint that was satisfactorily resolved gave slightly lower ratings of plans (–3.4 points) and care (–2.5 points) than those not filing a complaint (<.001 for all results).

Conclusions: Lower ratings from patients reporting complaints and denied care may notably affect the overall 0-10 CAHPS ratings of Medicare Advantage plans. Our results suggest that beneficiaries may attribute the actions that lead to complaints or denials to plans more than to the care they received. Successful complaint resolution and utilization management review might eliminate most deficits associated with complaints and denied care, consistent with the service recovery paradox. High rates of complaints and denied care might identify areas that need improved utilization management review, customer service, and quality improvement. Among those reporting being denied care, filing an appeal was not associated with lower patient ratings of plan or care.

Am J Manag Care. 2018;24(3):e86-e92

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