HIV

Saliva May Be a Reliable Alternative to Blood for HIV Antibody Testing

August 13, 2020

Article

HIV-specific antibodies of 3 immunoglobulin isotypes are readily found in human saliva, providing a potential second reliable method of detecting the virus that may be used as a painless alternative to a blood draw.

Physical Activity, Life Expectancy Improvements Are Most Valued HIV Treatment Outcomes, Colombian Study Says

August 10, 2020

Article

Of 5 HIV treatment effects evaluated in a recent study, short-term efficacy on physical activity ability and long-term efficacy on life expectancy were the top preferences for younger and older patients, respectively.

HIV Education, Prevention Efforts See Lukewarm Results in Dhaka, Bangladesh

August 07, 2020

Article

A 3-year endeavor to scale up HIV prevention and education efforts among men who have sex with men in Dhaka, Bangladesh, showed only modest gains in the country where intercourse with a same-sex partner could mean a lifetime jail sentence.

Immunosuppression to Blame for Oral Microbiota Change in Children With HIV

August 05, 2020

Article

Bacterial changes in the oral cavity from immunosuppression, not HIV itself, are more likely to blame for the greater incidence of oral caries in children 6 months to 6 years, reports a study from the Department of Oral Biology at the Rutgers University School of Dental Medicine.

NIH Deems Kidney Transplantation Safe Between HIV-Positive Donors and Recipients

July 29, 2020

Article

HIV-positive individuals with end-stage kidney disease may now have a larger pool of kidneys available to them, with recent study results from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) showing that kidneys from HIV-positive deceased donors can be used in addition to those from HIV-negative donors.

What Factors Are Most Likely to Predict Disclosing HIV Status in the Community?

July 26, 2020

Article

Having health insurance, a higher level of education, and more money were associated with a greater likelihood of caregivers disclosing their HIV status in the community, either positive or negative, while being male and living in a rural location indicated a lesser likelihood, reports AIDS Research and Therapy.

Antibody "Cocktail" Could Offer Potent Treatment, Prevention of COVID-19

July 23, 2020

Article

Writing in Nature, scientists found the antibodies fell into 2 distinct groups, targeting different regions of the viral spike. Thus, they say, the battle against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) could be opened on separate fronts, much like the approach Ho and others have studied in HIV and some forms of cancer.

Treatment Adherence, Viral Suppression Suffer Due to HIV-Related Stigma in Florida

July 22, 2020

Article

Stigma perpetuated in a health care setting has been linked to greater odds of poor outcomes in the HIV continuum of care for antiretroviral treatment adherence and reduced viral suppression among persons living with HIV in Florida.

A Computer-Simulation Model Attempts to Reframe Costs, Solutions to Ending HIV in the United States

July 16, 2020

Article

To effectively end the HIV epidemic in the United States, combination strategies should be tailored according to need, backed by evidence-based interventions, and scaled according to location, report study results in The Lancet HIV.

PrEP Use Has Changed Following Implementation of Social Distancing Measures

July 13, 2020

Article

A pair of late-breaking abstracts presented during AIDS 2020, this year’s virtual meeting of the International AIDS Society, detailed the effects that the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has had on trends in at-risk sexual behaviors and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use, both in the United States and in Australia, due to shelter-in-place orders and social distancing.