January 30th 2023
A follow-up study on children of pregnant smokers found that taking vitamin C supplements during pregnancy may increase airway function and reduce wheezing of offspring at age 5.
January 27th 2023
Health care costs in the United States for respiratory conditions have increased from 1996 to 2016, particularly for chronic conditions like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma.
January 4th 2023
A Hispanic community health study is the first of its kind to evaluate the prevalence and determinants of e-cigarette use among Hispanic and Latino populations living in the United States.
December 24th 2022
This year’s most read articles on respiratory cover topics on long-term health effects of COVID-19, adolescent vaping, and more.
December 15th 2022
Leaders from Ochsner, Xavier, and their partners gathered on September 13, 2022, in New Orleans to offer an overview of the Healthy State initiative during a session of the Institute for Value-Based Medicine®.
Translating Tobacco Cessation Policy Into Practice
Further understanding of effective incentives and disincentives is needed to ensure that evidence-based policy and guidelines regarding tobacco cessation are effectively translated into practice at the patient level.
Responsibility for Treating Tobacco Dependence in Health Clinics Serving Medicaid Enrollees
This article describes the implementation of Medicaid smoking cessation guidance in a large, urban federally qualified health center to examine how state-level provisions translated into clinic-level policies.
Study Examines Success Factors in Finishing Cough Suppression Therapy
Cough suppression therapy is a type of behavioral intervention, but like other behavioral interventions, it requires significant work on the part of the patient, meaning motivation, therapy attendance, and compliance with therapy techniques.
What We’re Reading: Amgen to Buy Horizon for $27.8B; Indoor Masks Back Due to “Tripledemic”; Juul to Settle Vaping Cases for $1.7B
Amgen will buy Horizon Therapeutics for $27.8 billion as the largest health care merger of 2022; high levels of 3 respiratory illness incite reassessment of domestic indoor mask guidelines; Juul Labs is reported to pay $1.7 billion over 500 settlements that claim that e-cigarette addiction level is higher than advertised.
ICYMI: Top Highlights From the CHEST 2022 Meeting
Marijuana Smokers Have Higher Rates of Emphysema and Respiratory Disease, Study Finds
Increasing rates of marijuana consumption highlights a need for research on the effects of smoking marijuana on the lungs.
What We're Reading: Stress Aged Teenage Brains; WA Flu Deaths; Physicians File Brief in ACA Case
Teenage brains prematurely aged by 3 years during pandemic lockdowns; Washington state health officials report high flu activity and 7 deaths; medical groups ask a Texas judge to refrain from issuing a nationwide injunction against the preventive health screenings covered by the Affordable Care Act (ACA).
What We’re Reading: Children Missing Measles Shots; COVID-19 Booster Campaign Starts; Surgery Risks for Older Adults
Nearly 40 million children missed their measles vaccine dose; health experts in the Biden administration are cautiously optimistic about a new campaign for COVID-19 boosters; about 1 in 7 older adults die within a year of having major surgery, according to a new study.
Health Societies Want Governments to Prioritize Fight Against Pneumonia
World Pneumonia Day is Saturday, November 12, and health organizations issued a call to action to do a better job of diagnosing, treating, and preventing the disease.
Study Finds Persistent Use of e-Cigarettes Among Middle, High School Students
The report, from the CDC, said that more than 3 million youth, or almost 1 in 9, reported using tobacco this year, and that disparities persist among US middle and high school students, with the highest rates among those who struggle in school or who have severe severe psychological distress.
Amount of Low-Income Young Children and Older Adult Hospitalizations Due to RSV is Substantially Underestimated
Children and families living in low-income neighborhoods have the highest rate of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) hospitalizations, according to researchers.
What We’re Reading: Solving Racial Disparities in Pulse Oximeters; Tracheostomy Tube Shortage; Adult Deaths From Excessive Drinking
FDA advisers met to discuss alternatives to the infrared light used in pulse oximeters, which can be absorbed by melanin; FDA warns of a national shortage of tracheostomy tubes, especially for pediatric patients; 1 in 5 deaths among adults aged between 20 and 49 years is due to excessive drinking.
Phase 3 Study of Gefapixant in Japan Shows Good Safety, Tolerability Profile
The study sought to examine the safety and tolerability of gefapixant in Japanese patients with refractory or unexplained chronic cough.
What We’re Reading: Adderall Shortage Continues; Pertussis Vaccine Expanded for Infants; Breast Cancer Death Disparities
Teva, the largest US supplier of Adderall, expects shortages to continue for the next 2-3 months; FDA expands use of Boostrix for immunization during the third trimester of pregnancy to prevent pertussis in infants; over the last 3 decades, Black women had a 40% higher breast cancer death rate compared with White women.
Evaluating Smoking Cessation Service at an Emergency Department Clinical Observation Unit
This study aimed to evaluate the impact of a smoking cessation service in a group of patients admitted to a short-stay unit in the emergency department.
More Than 2.5 Million US Youth Reported Using e-Cigarettes in 2022
e-Cigarettes boasting fruity flavors and conveniently disposable devices are continuing to threaten US youth, agencies said.
Contributor: How to Fight the Cold and the Flu This Season
With cold and flu season approaching, tips for avoiding the worst of the respiratory viruses are important for facing the coming months, when health experts expect an uptick in flu cases compared with the past 2 years.
Contributor: It’s Time to Talk About Paying Clinical Trial Participants More
There is wide variation in the governance over research participant pay, and with rapid advances in technology enabling trial access, industry should step up and pay patients what they are worth, says Gunnar Esiason, a patient advocate living with cystic fibrosis.
CDC to Physicians: Watch for Severe Respiratory, Polio-Like Illness in Children
The CDC this week noted what providers and parents have been seeing across the country: rising cases of a non-polio enterovirus causing severe respiratory illness and acute flaccid myelitis (AFM).
What We’re Reading: Expanding Monkeypox Vaccine Access; Annual COVID-19 Boosters; Juul to Pay in Teen Marketing Settlement
Under a new contract with AmerisourceBergen Corp, HHS will expand access to monkeypox vaccines and treatments; as President Jow Biden encouraged Americans to receive their COVID-19 boosters this fall, the White House signaled toward annual COVID-19 boosters; Juul has reached a settlement with 37 states and Puerto Rico regarding the company’s marketing to teens.
Older Adults Benefit From High-Dose Influenza Vaccine
A high-dose influenza vaccine reduces the risk of death and incidence of hospitalization for influenza and pneumonia among older adults.
Short-Course Antibiotic Therapy for Community-Acquired Pneumonia as Effective as Long-Course Therapy
The real-world study adds to previous randomized controlled trial findings suggesting that shorter courses of antibiotic therapy can be sufficient for hospitalized patients with mild or moderate community-acquired pneumonia.
Pfizer Touts 85% Efficacy of RSV Vaccine for Adults, Will Seek FDA Approval
In the phase 3 trial, Pfizer’s vaccine was 85.7% effective against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) defined by 3 or more symptoms among older adults.
COVID-19 Is at Peak Infectiousness for 5 Days After Symptom Onset
A recent cohort study found that two-thirds of patients could transmit SARS-CoV-2 at 5 days since their symptoms began; the median infectiousness duration in the sample was 5 days.
Frequent Productive Cough Associated With Worse Outcomes in Asthma, COPD
Frequent productive cough was experienced by patients with asthma and/or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), with symptom prevalence increasing with higher disease severity, according to the results of a recent study.
ILD Associated With Higher Risk of COVID-19 Severity, Mortality
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) was shown to correlate with an increased risk of both COVID-19 severity and mortality, according to a recent meta-analysis.
Incidence, Mortality, Costs Increased Among Medicaid Patients With NVHAP
A recent study calculated the incidence and mortality rates for patients with Medicaid coverage who had nonventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia (NVHAP) and found possible associations between greater health care costs and NVHAP diagnosis.
Nutrition, Pneumonia Severity May Predict Life Expectancy From Aspiration Pneumonia
Poor nutritional status and increased severity of pneumonia were associated with higher mortality rates among patients with aspiration pneumonia, according to a recent study.
Coughing Triggered by Mechanical Stimulation Suggests New Type of Cough Sensitization
Mechanical stimulation, including finger pressure on discrete areas of the chest wall and neck, triggered reproducible coughing in about 50% of patients with chronic cough, indicating that chronic cough may be caused by the central convergence of somatic and visceral neural stimuli.
Social Media Exposure to Tobacco Content Associated With Increased Tobacco Use
People exposed to tobacco content on social media were more likely to report tobacco use than those who were not, according to a recent meta-analysis. The investigators called for regulation of social media marketing in the tobacco industry.
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