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The American Journal of Managed Care January 2019
The Gamification of Healthcare: Emergence of the Digital Practitioner?
Eli G. Phillips Jr, PharmD, JD; Chadi Nabhan, MD, MBA; and Bruce A. Feinberg, DO
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Rajesh Balkrishnan, PhD
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Mary E. Reed, DrPH
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Eric D. Newman, MD; Paul F. Simonelli, MD, PhD; Shelly M. Vezendy, BS; Chelsea M. Cedeno, BS; and Daniel D. Maeng, PhD
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Mind the Gap: The Potential of Alternative Health Information Exchange
Jordan Everson, PhD; and Dori A. Cross, PhD
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Sung J. Choi, PhD; and M. Eric Johnson, PhD
Organizational Influences on Healthcare System Adoption and Use of Advanced Health Information Technology Capabilities
Paul T. Norton, MPH, MBA; Hector P. Rodriguez, PhD, MPH; Stephen M. Shortell, PhD, MPH, MBA; and Valerie A. Lewis, PhD, MA
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Sunny C. Lin, MS; John M. Hollingsworth, MD, MS; and Julia Adler-Milstein, PhD
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Dori A. Cross, PhD; Jeffrey S. McCullough, PhD; and Julia Adler-Milstein, PhD

Mind the Gap: The Potential of Alternative Health Information Exchange

Jordan Everson, PhD; and Dori A. Cross, PhD
Proprietary health information exchanges (HIEs) offer significant but uneven opportunities to advance provider connectivity. Open forms of HIE remain critical for comprehensive coverage of patient transitions.
ABSTRACT

Objectives: To determine the proportion of patient transitions that could be connected through 3 proprietary alternatives to open, community-based health information exchange (HIE): HIE between physicians who are part of the same integrated system, use the same electronic health record (EHR), or use an EHR that participates in an EHR vendor alliance.

Study Design: Cross-sectional analysis of Medicare patient transitions and physician EHR adoption and organizational affiliation from SK&A.

Methods: We characterized the percentage of transitions that could be covered by each HIE approach and the degree of redundancy. We then assessed whether coverage opportunities differed by provider type and used multivariate linear regression to estimate the association between physician characteristics and proportion of transitions uncovered by any proprietary approach (ie, requiring an open HIE approach).

Results: Given current EHR adoption and organizational affiliations, 33% of transitions could be covered by proprietary HIE. For the average physician, open methods of HIE would still be needed for 45% of patients treated by other physicians. Physicians who did not use a market-leading EHR, were not members of a large integrated system, and shared patients with a broader network of physicians have the greatest need for open HIE.

Conclusions: Proprietary approaches to HIE do not eliminate the need for open HIE and may further disadvantage providers in small healthcare organizations using less common EHRs. Ongoing support and innovative value creation within open HIE will likely remain necessary to support HIE by independent physicians. Public efforts to promote interoperability should seek to integrate proprietary models with open HIE.

Am J Manag Care. 2019;25(1):32-38

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