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Supplements Real-World Evidence in Type 2 Diabetes: Focus on SGLT2 inhibitors and GLP-1 Receptor Agonists
A Retrospective Real-World Study of Dapagliflozin Versus Other Oral Antidiabetic Drugs Added to Metformin in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
Huan Huang, PhD; Kelly F. Bell, PharmD, MSPhr; Ray Gani, PhD; Cathy W. Tugwell, RN, BSN; James M. Eudicone, MS, MBA; and Michelle R. Krukas-Hampel, MA
Eligibility Varies Among the 4 Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 Inhibitor Cardiovascular Trials: Implications for the General Type 2 Diabetes US Population
Eric T. Wittbrodt, PharmD, MPH; James M. Eudicone, MS, MBA; Kelly F. Bell, PharmD, MSPhr; Devin M. Enhoffer, PharmD; Keith Latham, PharmD; and Jennifer B. Green, MD
Generalizability of Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor Agonist Cardiovascular Outcome Trials Enrollment Criteria to the US Type 2 Diabetes Population
Eric T. Wittbrodt, PharmD, MPH; James M. Eudicone, MS, MBA; Kelly F. Bell, PharmD, MSPhr; Devin M. Enhoffer, PharmD; Keith Latham, PharmD; and Jennifer B. Green, MD
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Comparison of Low-Dose Liraglutide Use Versus Other GLP-1 Receptor Agonists in Patients Without Type 2 Diabetes
Eric T. Wittbrodt, PharmD, MPH; James M. Eudicone, MS, MBA; Sepehr Farahbakhshian, MS; and Carrie McAdam-Marx, PhD, MSCI, RPh

Comparison of Low-Dose Liraglutide Use Versus Other GLP-1 Receptor Agonists in Patients Without Type 2 Diabetes

Eric T. Wittbrodt, PharmD, MPH; James M. Eudicone, MS, MBA; Sepehr Farahbakhshian, MS; and Carrie McAdam-Marx, PhD, MSCI, RPh
Objectives: The objective was to compare the use of low-dose liraglutide (LD-L) (Victoza) to the other glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) in patients without a type 2 diabetes (T2D) diagnosis in the post approval period for high-dose liraglutide (HD-L) (Saxenda), which is not indicated for T2D.
Study Design: This was a retrospective, repeated cross-sectional, cohort study.
Methods: Adult patients with T2D with more than 1 prescription for a GLP-1 RA in the Optum Humedica database between December 2014 and March 2016 were included. The proportions of patients without a T2D diagnosis who were prescribed L-DL versus the other GLP-1 RAs and within each cohort were computed. Logistic regression models estimated the predictive value of either treatment in those without a T2D diagnosis, controlling for multiple factors. To supplement these findings, administrative claims data were extracted from the Truven Health MarketScan database.
Results: Analyses identified 11,245 patients prescribed LD-L and 4134 patients prescribed other GLP-1 RAs. For the entire study period, Humedica data revealed that patients without T2D accounted for 2.7% of the GLP-1 RA cohort and 17.5% of the LD-L cohort. Multivariable logistic regression analyses identified that patients receiving LD-L were more than 6 times likely to have no indication of T2D relative to patients taking other GLP-1 RAs. Claims data from MarketScan corroborated the Humedica results.
Conclusions: In patients without a T2D diagnosis, LD-L use was significantly greater than that with other GLP-1 RAs within 6 months after approval of HD-L; differences persisted until the end of the study. Increased payer scrutiny of appropriate LD-L use is warranted.
Am J Manag Care. 2018;24:-S0

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