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Evidence-Based Oncology April 2020
The Need for a Serious Illness Digital Ecosystem (SIDE) to Improve Outcomes for Patients Receiving Palliative and Hospice Care
Jonathan Nicolla, MBA; Hayden B. Bosworth, PhD; Sharron L. Docherty, PhD, PNP-BC; Kathryn I. Pollak, PhD; Jeremy Powell, MEd; Nichole Sellers, BA; Bryce B. Reeve, PhD; Greg Samsa, PhD; Linda Sutton, MD; and Arif H. Kamal, MD, MBA, MHS
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Maggie R. Salinger MD, MPP; Nathan A. Boucher, DrPH, PA, MS, MPA; Thomas W. LeBlanc, MD, MA; Kevin C. Oeffinger, MD; Kathryn Pollak, PhD; Jesse D. Troy, PhD; and Arif H. Kamal MD, MBA, MHS
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Putting the Patient Back at the Center of Patient-Centered Care
Joseph Alvarnas, MD
AJMC® INTERVIEWS: Faculty From the Institute for Value-Based Medicine
Produced by Gianna Melillo
Medical World News: April 2020
AJMC Staff
BOOK REVIEW: One Oncologist's Journey With a Patient to the Outcome We All Face
Reviewed by Florence Caffrey Bourg, PhD

Putting the Patient Back at the Center of Patient-Centered Care

Joseph Alvarnas, MD
From the editor-in-chief of Evidence-Based Oncology™.
Tho’ much is taken, much abides;
and tho’
We are not now that strength
which in old days
Moved earth and heaven,
that which we are, we are;
One equal temper of heroic hearts,
Made weak by time and fate,
but strong in will
To strive, to seek, to fi nd,
and not to yield.

Alfred Tennyson

At this tie of breathtaking innovation in cancer diagnostics and therapeutics, it is easy to become distracted (even mesmerized) by the extraordinary advances in care  technology to the point of losing sight of the fundamental fact that a patient’s cancer journey is a human, not a technological, experience.

Throughout the past 3 decades, as I have spoken with patients and their families about a new cancer diagnosis or a change in their goals of care, our discussions have never focused upon molecular biology, genomics, or abstract ideals about targeted drug design. I have yet to engage any patient or family in a discussion of the arcane details of any of the value-based care models. Instead, our discussions are focused on the more meaningful human dimensions of navigating the flood of emotion that stems from a cancer diagnosis; the focus is upon identifying grounded next steps; finding ways to chart a navigable, sustainable steps of a path that culminates in a restoration to wholeness. For some this is a journey that culminates in a cure; for others the focus is upon recovering a sense of wholeness for a patient and their family when a cure is no longer possible. Each patient travels their respective hero’s journey. The reality is that our technological advancements are simply deployable tools for supporting the patient throughout that journey. How care we more eff ectively use these tools to humanize the cancer journey for patients and their families? How can we put the patient back at the center of patient-centered care? How can we more effective and humanly support the patient’s heroic journey?

In this issue of Evidence-Based Oncology™ we explore the human dimensions of the cancer care experience in the hope of better understanding how better systems of care can more effectively serve patients and their families. Maggie L. Shaw provides us with the highlights from the Association of Community Cancer Centers’ (ACCC) 46th Annual Meeting on disruptive, innovative ways to improve patient access to care. Jonathan Nicolla and colleagues discuss ways of using digital monitoring to more eff ectively assess outcomes for patients who are receiving palliative and hospice care. Maggie Salinger, MD, and her colleagues discuss the importance of payment reform in ensuring better and more eff ective access to palliative care. Finally, Florence Caffrey Bourg, PhD, reviews Dying Without Fear: The Pursuit of Eternity by Kashyap Patel, MD, which explores the deeply human nature of patients’ cancer journeys.

Advances in care technology have indisputably improved patient outcomes, reduced treatment toxicities, and provided new opportunities for patients with advanced and relapsed cancers to live longer with a better quality of life. Our systems of care, however, have not evolved in ways that engender a more human care experience for either patients or their physicians. As clinicians navigate the near-infi nite number of clicks needed to perform relatively simple care tasks on modern electronic health records and struggle to decipher the evolving rules of billing and reimbursement, the precious left to spend with our patients and their families is increasingly compromised by indifferent systems of care, many of which ironically claim to be patient-centered. In Ulysses, Tennyson writes of the transcendent strength that can arise when we fi rst acknowledge the pain, fragility, and humanness that form the underpinnings of our journey. Building systems of care that acknowledge and build upon this are essential to realize the aspiration of delivering truly patient-centered care.
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