Currently Viewing:
The American Journal of Managed Care December 2018
Feasibility of Expanded Emergency Department Screening for Behavioral Health Problems
Mamata Kene, MD, MPH; Christopher Miller Rosales, MS; Sabrina Wood, MS; Adina S. Rauchwerger, MPH; David R. Vinson, MD; and Stacy A. Sterling, DrPH, MSW
From the Editorial Board: Jonas de Souza, MD, MBA
Jonas de Souza, MD, MBA
Risk Adjusting Medicare Advantage Star Ratings for Socioeconomic Status
Margaret E. O’Kane, MHA, President, National Committee for Quality Assurance
Reducing Disparities Requires Multiple Strategies
Melony E. Sorbero, PhD, MS, MPH; Susan M. Paddock, PhD; and Cheryl L. Damberg, PhD
Currently Reading
Cost Variation and Savings Opportunities in the Oncology Care Model
James Baumgardner, PhD; Ahva Shahabi, PhD; Christopher Zacker, RPh, PhD; and Darius Lakdawalla, PhD
Patient Experience During a Large Primary Care Practice Transformation Initiative
Kaylyn E. Swankoski, MA; Deborah N. Peikes, PhD, MPA; Nikkilyn Morrison, MPPA; John J. Holland, BS; Nancy Duda, PhD; Nancy A. Clusen, MS; Timothy J. Day, MSPH; and Randall S. Brown, PhD
Relationships Between Provider-Led Health Plans and Quality, Utilization, and Satisfaction
Natasha Parekh, MD, MS; Inmaculada Hernandez, PharmD, PhD; Thomas R. Radomski, MD, MS; and William H. Shrank, MD, MSHS
Primary Care Burnout and Populist Discontent
James O. Breen, MD
Adalimumab Persistence for Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Veteran and Insured Cohorts
Shail M. Govani, MD, MSc; Rachel Lipson, MSc; Mohamed Noureldin, MBBS, MSc; Wyndy Wiitala, PhD; Peter D.R. Higgins, MD, PhD, MSc; Sameer D. Saini, MD, MSc; Jacqueline A. Pugh, MD; Dawn I. Velligan, PhD; Ryan W. Stidham, MD, MSc; and Akbar K. Waljee, MD, MSc
The Value of Novel Immuno-Oncology Treatments
John A. Romley, PhD; Andrew Delgado, PharmD; Jinjoo Shim, MS; and Katharine Batt, MD
Medicare Advantage Control of Postacute Costs: Perspectives From Stakeholders
Emily A. Gadbois, PhD; Denise A. Tyler, PhD; Renee R. Shield, PhD; John P. McHugh, PhD; Ulrika Winblad, PhD; Amal Trivedi, MD; and Vincent Mor, PhD
Provider-Owned Insurers in the Individual Market
David H. Howard, PhD; Brad Herring, PhD; John Graves, PhD; and Erin Trish, PhD
Mixed Messages to Consumers From Medicare: Hospital Compare Grades Versus Value-Based Payment Penalty
Jennifer Meddings, MD, MSc; Shawna N. Smith, PhD; Timothy P. Hofer, MD, MSc; Mary A.M. Rogers, PhD, MS; Laura Petersen, MHSA; and Laurence F. McMahon Jr, MD, MPH

Cost Variation and Savings Opportunities in the Oncology Care Model

James Baumgardner, PhD; Ahva Shahabi, PhD; Christopher Zacker, RPh, PhD; and Darius Lakdawalla, PhD
Geographic variation in cancer treatment spending reveals that chemotherapy and hospital inpatient care may offer opportunities for savings for practices participating in the Oncology Care Model.
ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study seeks to identify service categories that present the greatest opportunities to reduce spending in oncology care episodes, as defined by the CMS Oncology Care Model (OCM). Regional variation in spending for similar patients is often interpreted as evidence that resources can be saved, because higher-spending regions could achieve savings by behaving more like their lower-spending counterparts.

Study Design: We used Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Medicare data from 2006-2013 for this retrospective observational cohort study. Analysis focused on patients with non–small cell lung cancer, advanced (stage III or IV) breast cancer, renal cell carcinoma, multiple myeloma, or chronic myeloid leukemia.

Methods: Episodes were identified for patients with the 5 included cancers, following the episode definition used in the OCM. We estimated standardized episode-level spending for a standard patient across subcategories of care for each hospital referral region (HRR) defined by the Dartmouth Atlas. The contribution of each subcategory to interregional variation in total spending reflects that subcategory’s potential to yield savings.

Results: Chemotherapy and acute inpatient hospital care tended to be the highest contributors to interregional variation. Imaging, nonchemotherapy Part B drugs, physician evaluation and management services, and diagnostics were negligible contributors to interregional variation for all 5 cancers.

Conclusions: Chemotherapy and inpatient hospital care offer the most potential to reduce spending within OCM-defined episodes. Other sources of savings differ by type of cancer. Assuming patient outcomes are not compromised, low-spending HRRs may be models for lowering cost in cancer care.

Am J Manag Care. 2018;24(12):618-623

Become a Member to see the rest of this article and get access to all of our articles and resources. Membership is Free!

 
Copyright AJMC 2006-2018 Clinical Care Targeted Communications Group, LLC. All Rights Reserved.
x
Welcome the the new and improved AJMC.com, the premier managed market network. Tell us about yourself so that we can serve you better.
Sign Up
×

Sign In

Not a member? Sign up now!