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The American Journal of Managed Care September 2018
Food Insecurity, Healthcare Utilization, and High Cost: A Longitudinal Cohort Study
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“Precision Health” for High-Need, High-Cost Patients
Dhruv Khullar, MD, MPP, and Rainu Kaushal, MD, MPH
From the Editorial Board: A. Mark Fendrick, MD
A. Mark Fendrick, MD
Health Literacy, Preventive Health Screening, and Medication Adherence Behaviors of Older African Americans at a PCMH
Anil N.F. Aranha, PhD, and Pragnesh J. Patel, MD
Early Experiences With the Acute Community Care Program in Eastern Massachusetts
Lisa I. Iezzoni, MD, MSc; Amy J. Wint, MSc; W. Scott Cluett III; Toyin Ajayi, MD, MPhil; Matthew Goudreau, BS; Bonnie B. Blanchfield, CPA, SM, ScD; Joseph Palmisano, MA, MPH; and Yorghos Tripodis, PhD
Currently Reading
Economic Evaluation of Patient-Centered Care Among Long-Term Cancer Survivors
JaeJin An, BPharm, PhD, and Adrian Lau, PharmD
High-Touch Care Leads to Better Outcomes and Lower Costs in a Senior Population
Reyan Ghany, MD; Leonardo Tamariz, MD, MPH; Gordon Chen, MD; Elissa Dawkins, MS; Alina Ghany, MD; Emancia Forbes, RDCS; Thiago Tajiri, MBA; and Ana Palacio, MD, MPH
Adjusting Medicare Advantage Star Ratings for Socioeconomic Status and Disability
Melony E. Sorbero, PhD, MS, MPH; Susan M. Paddock, PhD; Cheryl L. Damberg, PhD; Ann Haas, MS, MPH; Mallika Kommareddi, MPH; Anagha Tolpadi, MS; Megan Mathews, MA; and Marc N. Elliott, PhD

Economic Evaluation of Patient-Centered Care Among Long-Term Cancer Survivors

JaeJin An, BPharm, PhD, and Adrian Lau, PharmD
Providing patient-centered comprehensive care to long-term cancer survivors may lead to reduced total healthcare expenditures.
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ABSTRACT

Objectives: To evaluate the economic outcomes associated with patient perceptions of patient-centered medical home (PCMH) characteristics among long-term cancer survivors in the United States.

Study Design: A retrospective analysis of the 2008 to 2012 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey.

Methods: A nationally representative sample of adult long-term cancer survivors (≥3 years since diagnosis) was categorized into either patient-centered care (PCC) or non-PCC groups based on responses to PCMH model hallmark attributes of “comprehensive care,” “whole-person orientation,” and “accessible care.” The positive perception of all 3 attributes was defined as PCC. The patient perceptions, as well as patient characteristics, were measured at year 1 (baseline), with a propensity score model to balance baseline characteristics. Adjusted total healthcare utilization and healthcare expenditures in 2014 US$ at year 2 (follow-up) were compared between the PCC and non-PCC groups.

Results: A total of 4288 long-term cancer survivors were identified, with a mean (SD) age of 65.2 (13.8) years. The PCC group was associated with a reduction in mean adjusted healthcare expenditures at follow-up (savings of $1596 per cancer survivor; P = .020). These findings are driven by lower odds of hospitalization (odds ratio, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.66-0.99; P = .035) and lower hospitalization-related healthcare expenditures (PCC: $3323; 95% CI, $2727-$3918; non-PCC: $4912; 95% CI, $4039-$5785; P = .002) associated with PCC among the population who were 65 years and older. The whole-person orientation attribute had a major impact on reduced healthcare expenditures.

Conclusions: The positive patient perception of PCMH characteristics was associated with reduced healthcare expenditures in adult long-term cancer survivors.

Am J Manag Care. 2018;24(9):e292-e299

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