Currently Viewing:
Newsroom
Currently Reading
CRISPR-Gene Editing Technology Successfully Treated Lethal Lung Disease in Animal Models
April 20, 2019 – Samantha DiGrande
Study Finds Patients Misdiagnosed With MS Increases Morbidity, Healthcare Costs
April 19, 2019 – Samantha DiGrande
Sensor-based Algorithm Detects Patient Response to Parkinson Therapies
April 19, 2019 – Samantha DiGrande
Analyzing the Scent of Parkinson Disease Could Lead to Diagnostic Tool
April 19, 2019 – Wallace Stephens
This Week in Managed Care: April 19, 2019
April 19, 2019
ctDNA Can Detect MRD and Early Cancer Recurrence in Colorectal Cancer
April 19, 2019 – Laura Joszt
5 Findings From the April 2019 Issue of AJMC®
April 19, 2019 – Christina Mattina
What We're Reading: Long-Term Care Benefits; Predicting Obesity; Montana Reauthorizes Medicaid Expansion
April 19, 2019 – AJMC Staff
AJMC® in the Press, April 19, 2019
April 19, 2019 – AJMC Staff

Global COPD Mortality Increased 11% From 1990 to 2015

Alison Rodriguez
The overwhelmingly high number of deaths related to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma-the 2 most common chronic respiratory diseases in the world-call for affordable interventions that have the ability to prevent or treat the severe chronic respiratory burden.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma represent the 2 most common chronic respiratory diseases in the world. The overwhelmingly high number of deaths that are related to these diseases call for affordable interventions that have the ability to prevent or treat the severe chronic respiratory burden.

The Lancet Respiratory Medicine recently published a new Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) 2015 study that analyzed the prevalence of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease worldwide. The researchers collected data of 310 diseases and injuries among 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015 and analyzed the cause of death with GBD’s Cause of Death Ensemble modeling (CODEm) tool. Additionally, estimates were made on the number of non-fatal COPD cases, non-fatal asthma cases, risk estimation, and the disability-adjusted life years (DALY).

The results revealed that 3.2 million people died from COPD worldwide in 2015, an 11.6% increase since 1990, while the overall prevalence of COPD increased during that same time period by 44.2%. Asthma accounted for 0.4 million deaths in 2015, which was a decreased rate of 26.7% since 1990, but the overall prevalence increased by 12.6%.

“The absence of a relationship between asthma prevalence and asthma death rates, and our knowledge about asthma pathophysiology and clinical trial findings, add evidence that most asthma deaths at all ages are preventable by treatment with low-dose inhaled corticosteroids and other management strategies or, to a lesser extent, avoidance of risk factors,” the researchers explained. “Indeed, the observed low asthma mortality in high-income countries reflects better access to health services and better treatment options following international asthma guidance.”

Asthma represented the most prevalent chronic respiratory disease in the world in 2015, affecting approximately 358 million people. Asthma contributed to twice the number of cases as COPD (174 million cases); however, COPD deaths were 8 times more common than deaths from asthma.

“COPD and asthma are important contributors to the burden of non-communicable disease. Although much of the burden is either preventable or treatable with affordable interventions, these diseases have received less attention than other prominent non-communicable diseases like cardiovascular disease, cancer, or diabetes,” the authors wrote.

The researchers insist that up-to-date information about these common diseases is necessary because for policy decision making to improve the access and quality of intervention strategies. Also, more population measurements should be conducted to quantify the problem and find other chronic conditions that are associated.

 
Copyright AJMC 2006-2018 Clinical Care Targeted Communications Group, LLC. All Rights Reserved.
x
Welcome the the new and improved AJMC.com, the premier managed market network. Tell us about yourself so that we can serve you better.
Sign Up