Gilead's Simtuzumab Fails in Phase 2

The antibody, an inhibitor of the enzyme lysyl oxidase-like-2, combined with gemcitabine, did not have a significant effect on progression-free survival compared to the placebo with gemcitabine arm, in pancreatic cancer patients.

Gilead Sciences, Inc. (Nasdaq:GILD) today announced results from a Phase 2 study evaluating simtuzumab, an investigational inhibitor of lysyl oxidase-like-2 (LOXL2), in combination with gemcitabine for patients with previously untreated advanced pancreatic cancer. In the study, the addition of simtuzumab (200 mg or 700 mg) to gemcitabine did not significantly increase progression-free survival (PFS) compared to placebo plus gemcitabine. PFS was the primary endpoint of the study. Detailed results will be presented during a poster session at the European Society for Medical Oncology Congress (ESMO 2014) in Madrid, Spain, September 26-30 (Abstract #5072).

In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase 2 trial, 236 patients with advanced pancreatic cancer received intravenous gemcitabine plus either intravenous simtuzumab (200 mg, n=76; 700 mg, n=79) or placebo (n=81) in cycles of 28 days. Median PFS for the simtuzumab 200 mg, simtuzumab 700 mg and placebo groups was 3.5 months, 3.7 months and 3.7 months, respectively. The difference in PFS between the simtuzumab and placebo arms was not statistically significant. Expected gemcitabine-related toxicities included anemia, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia and nausea. There was no difference in adverse events between patients taking simtuzumab versus placebo.

“Although simtuzumab did not provide clinical benefit in difficult-to-treat advanced pancreatic cancer patients in this study, we continue to explore simtuzumab in other areas of unmet medical need, with ongoing clinical trials in colorectal cancer, myelofibrosis and serious fibrotic lung and liver diseases,” said Norbert Bischofberger, PhD, Gilead’s Executive Vice President of Research and Development and Chief Scientific Officer.

Press release:

Source: Gilead