NICE's first guideline on bladder cancer aims to improve the diagnosis and management of the seventh most common cancer in the UK.
There are just over 10,000 cases of bladder cancer diagnosed each year, according to figures from Cancer Research UK. It is 3—4 times more common in men than in women.
The majority of cases occur in people aged over 60, with age being the main risk factor for bladder cancer. Smoking and exposure to some industrial chemicals - such as those used in the rubber and dye industries — can also increase the risk.
Due to the number of people with the disease, the intensive treatment sometimes needed and the prolonged follow-up often done, it is thought to be one of the most expensive cancers for the NHS, but there is a wide variation across the country in terms of the treatments offered.
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Source: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence