The AJMC® Ophthalmology compendium is a comprehensive resource for clinical news and expert insights for treatment of disorders of the eye.
Early Months of Pandemic Saw Decreased Rates of Vitreoretinal Surgical Procedures
Early in the COVID-19 pandemic, there was a nationwide decrease in critical vitreoretinal surgical procedures deemed as urgent or emergent, according to findings published in JAMA Ophthalmology.
Scheimpflug Imaging Helps Predict Corneal Edema Resolution After DMEK
Findings of post hoc analyses published in JAMA Ophthalmology suggest that preoperative Scheimpflug imaging can help predict corneal edema resolution following Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK).
Study Supports Preschool-Based Vision Screening Programs to Increase Glasses Wear
Research published in JAMA Ophthalmology supports the continued implementation of preschool-based vision screening programs, as nearly 3 of 4 preschool students consistently wore their glasses at school during the first year of use.
Survey: Thyroid Eye Disease Reduces Quality of Life Beyond Acute Phase
A new survey conducted by Horizon Therapeutics highlighted the negative impacts thyroid eye disease have on patients’ quality of life, finding effects often continue beyond the acute disease phase and into a chronic phase.
Investigation Finds Tuberculosis May Be Risk Factor for Behçet Disease
An analysis of human genetic and biomarker data found that tuberculosis was a risk factor for Behçet disease, a noninfectious uveitis condition.
Central Retinal Artery Occlusion Rates in Korea Decreased Over Time, Study Finds
Rates of central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO), which is associated with and shares common risk factors with cardiovascular diseases, have decreased over time in Korea, a recent cohort study of 50 million residents found.
Umbrella Review Highlights Global Scope of Vision Impairment, Reduced Quality of Life
A global analysis of 9 systematic reviews found a consistent association between vision impairment, eye diseases, and reduced quality of life.
Researchers Identify Candidate Factors Associated With Visual Impairment in Diabetic Eyes
Using optical coherence tomography, researchers found that length of disorganization of retinal inner layer, length of external ellipsoid zone disruption, and foveal avascular zone circularity were associated with visual impairment in treatment-naïve patients with diabetes.
Retinal Measures Potential Biomarkers for Sickle Cell Disease Progression
Results of a longitudinal prospective case-control study found rates of retinal thinning were higher among individuals with sickle cell retinopathy compared with individuals without the condition.
Air Pollution Associated With Increased Rates of AMD
Greater exposure to particulate matter2.5 was associated with an 8% increase in self-reported age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
Examining the Potential of CRISPR Base Editing for Inherited Retinal Diseases
A substantial proportion of patients with inherited retinal disease could be treated with base editing, while therapeutic strategies that focus on common variants could be used to treat a large number of patients with the disease, according to study results.
Metformin Use Linked to Lower Odds of AMD Development
Results of a case-control study show metformin use may protect against the development of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in adults 55 years and older, and the association is dose-dependent, with the greatest benefit at low to moderate doses.
Increased Hand Sanitizer Use Poses Risks to Children's Eyes
During the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in France, researchers found a 7-fold increase in the number of alcohol-based hand sanitizer eye exposures among children.
Study Finds Potential Biomarkers for Distinguishing Glaucoma Subtypes
Results from a prospective observational study showed aqueous transforming growth factor beta and autotaxin exhibited high diagnostic performance in detecting glaucoma subtypes and could serve as promising biomarkers for glaucoma.
Gastric Bypass Surgery Associated With Lower Risk of Diabetic Retinopathy Development
Swedish patients with type 2 diabetes and obesity who underwent gastric bypass surgery exhibited a reduced risk of developing new diabetic retinopathy, compared with those who did not undergo surgery.
How Does Home Confinement Impact Children’s Eyesight?
Home confinement during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic was associated with a significant myopic shift among Chinese children aged 6 to 8, according to new research published in JAMA Ophthalmology.
Study Evaluates Efficacy of At-Home Visual Acuity Test
Study results, published in JAMA Ophthalmology, showed the Home Acuity Test can be used to measure visual acuity by telephone for a wide range of outpatients with diverse conditions under the care of an ophthalmologist.
Deep Learning Model Detects Sea Fan Neovascularization in Patients With Sickle Cell Hemoglobinopathy
In an effort to detect sea fan neovascularization from ultra-widefield color fundus photographs from patients with sickle cell hemoglobinopathy, researchers developed an automated system with high sensitivity and specificity, which holds potential to improve screening for vision-threatening proliferative sickle cell retinopathy.
Decreased Retinal Vessel, Perfusion Densities Found in Those With Parkinson Disease
Results from a cross-sectional study show individuals with Parkinson disease exhibited decreased retinal vessel and perfusion density, as well as choroidal structural changes compared with age- and sex-matched controls.
Infant Cataract Surgery Increases Long-Term Glaucoma Risk, Regardless of IOL Implants
Among children who underwent unilateral cataract removal in infancy, risk of glaucoma-related adverse events continues to increase with longer follow-up and is not associated with primary intraocular lens (IOL) implementation, according to research published in JAMA Ophthalmology.
Top 5 Most-Read Ophthalmology Stories of 2020
In a year in which health care professionals were forced to alter treatment plans to adjust to an ongoing health crisis, the majority of our most popular ophthalmology stories of 2020 involved the intersection of ophthalmologic care and coronavirus disease 2019.
Study to Measure Patient-Reported Outcomes Before and After Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgery
Verana Health, along with the FDA, the American Glaucoma Society, and American Academy of Ophthalmology, recently announced the launch of the Patient-Reported Outcomes for Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgery study with the first patient enrolled.
“Sore Eyes” Reported as Most Significant Ocular Symptom of COVID-19
The most significant ocular symptom experienced by those suffering from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was sore eyes, according to new research published in BMJ Open Ophthalmology.
Inner Retinal Thinning Associated With Hallucinations in Parkinson Disease
Visual hallucinations (VH) among patients with Parkinson disease (PD) appear to be associated with thinning of the inner retina, according to research published in Scientific Reports.
What Leads to DMD During Cataract Surgery?
Friction of surgical instruments has the greatest association with incisional Descemet membrane detachment (DMD) during cataract surgery, according to results of a case series published in JAMA Ophthalmology.
State Legislation Associated With Lower Opioid Prescriptions for Oculoplastic, Orbital Procedures
During the enactment period of recent Michigan opioid laws, a reduction in opioid prescriptions for oculoplastic and orbital procedures was observed and appeared to be sustained, according to research published in JAMA Ophthalmology.
Study Links Increases in RRD, Myopia Incidence
An increase in primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment incidence (RRD) may be associated with a simultaneous increase in myopia among citizens residing in the Netherlands, according to study results published in JAMA Ophthalmology.
Understanding the Relationship Between BBBD Therapy and Maculopathy
Results of a retrospective case series revealed an association between blood-brain barrier disruption (BBBD)–related maculopathy and the number of BBBD treatment sessions patients underwent, suggesting a dose-dependent effect of the treatment.
Tool May Help Non-Ophthalmologists Triage Patients With Serious Ocular Injuries
By analyzing retrospective consecutive case series, researchers identified 5 clinical and radiographic variables associated with increased risk of serious ocular injury in patients with orbital fracture to aid non-ophthalmologists in triaging these patients for urgent ophthalmologic evaluation.
Diffuse Macular Damage Linked to Diminished Facial Recognition, Contrast Sensitivity
Among patients with glaucoma, diffuse rather than focal glaucomatous macular damage was associated with diminished facial recognition and contrast sensitivity, according to results of a cohort study published in JAMA Ophthalmology.
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